Pumping enormous volumes of wastewater into the rivers, oceans, and streams has become a common practice all across the globe. This has resulted in negative effects on your environment, fisheries, animals, and not to mention it is an aptly named ‘waste’ of water too.
What is Waste Water?
Basically, waste water is any form of water that has been contaminated either by a commercial or a domestic process. This comprises of water used for sewerage and water that is a by-product of large-scale industries such as manufacturing and mining. While waste water is a major problem in Ireland, the most affected areas are the developing nations including Asia and South America. So don’t you think we need a proper waste water treatment planning?
What is Waste Water Treatment?
Waste Water Treatment is a process that converts waste water from its unstable state into an effluent that can either be diverted to the water cycle with minimum environmental issues or can be reused for other purposes. Uruguay, one of the most developed countries in South America will be spending $100 million over the next year on new treatment plants, and Indonesia will receive help from Australia in order to solve water management problems that it has had in the past.
Why is Waste Water Treatment so Essential?
Waste water treatment plants treat the water that goes down our drains before discharging it back in to the environment. Regardless of the efforts being made to install these plants, more plants are still required. Water being one of the most important resources on earth is being squandered. Well, it is high time now and we need to conserve our resources. There are various ways of treating the waste water, and better the process; the higher will be the percentage that it can be reused before it gets dumped into the oceans or other water bodies.
What is the Future of Waste Water Treatment?
Though it would not take much to make a huge change in this area, but it does need to happen quickly and desperately. If we talk about Sweden, it has actually run out of its own waste and imports over 700000 tons of waste from the other countries. Less than 1% of their waste ends up at the dump and their waste water is purified to the extent of being potable. Now, this is an example of the innovation in an environmental capacity.
However, the reuse of the treated waste water has become a viable option in order to minimize the water scarcity problems. The population of the world is growing and developing, and as things stand right now, we are treading down the slope in terms of water conservation.
A few common scenarios for waste water treatment are as follows:
- Reusing/Recycling Waste Water
Treating the waste water to recycle/reuse can be helpful in the areas with low water availability. The waste water treatment options in this case will be dependent on the type of contaminants present because of your production process or if you operate a municipal facility. Thus, it is very important to be aware of the necessary treatment to ensure efficient water recovery.
- Discharge Waste Water in Local Municipality
Though your local municipality might take your effluent, but they will want you to clean it first. You need to check with the local publicly owned treatment works to make sure that you meet the required standards. Your waste water treatment will need to improve the contaminants they do not allow, or again, it can cost you thousands of dollars as fine down the road.
The Waste Water Treatment Planning is one of the most significant conservation processes that must be encouraged all round the world. The disposal of untreated or poorly treated wastewater in our natural environment produces pollution that can be catastrophic for the biodiversity and the quality of water resources. This is why it becomes necessary to treat the wastewater and encourage its reuse in order to protect public health and our water resources.